Agriculture & Horticulture

Woods Houghton
1304 W. Stevens
Carlsbad, NM 88220
Phone: 575-887-6595
Fax: 575-887-3795
Email: whoughto@nmsu.edu

Ninety percent of Eddy County is classified as range land. In addition to traditional range management issues and programs, conflicts often arise between ranchers, environmentalists and land management agencies regarding goals and objectives of natural resource management. This is especially true on federal land and state trust land. Agencies are not going to monitor ranges, as intensely in the future and therefore the rancher should implement a monitoring program on his ranch in self-defense. Additionally, monitoring programs will allow management decisions to be made in an informed manner. Livestock and wildlife interaction continues to be a major challenge in keeping ranges properly stocked when wildlife numbers, such as deer, and antelope, continue to expand. Poisonous plants have always been a problem to New Mexico ranchers. Toxic plants inflict about 1/8 million loss on the Eddy County's livestock industry annually. Direct losses are the most obvious. Indirect losses such as loss of carrying capacity, low earning weights and reduced calf or lamb crops are less obvious but are a greater economic drain.

Helpful Resources

  • http://www.cocorahs.org/
    CoCoRaHS network. You can go to our website and view their data. You also can view data from several NWS Coop Stations in that area or the NMSU weather stations. If you would like more information about CoCoRaHS or becoming a member please view our website at www.cocorahs.org. If you have any questions please call me. Leeann DeMouche Water Resource Specialist NMSU-ACES 575-646-3973 ldemouch@nmsu.edu

IPM In New Mexico

Ranked by annual cash receipts for Eddy County, alfalfa, cotton, chile, pecan nuts, various greenhouse/nursery crops, corn and small grains contribute 63.83 million dollars to the economy. The boll weevil, pink bollworm, cotton bollworm and cotton aphids resistant to various insecticides have become key pests for the states cotton crop. While genetically engineered cotton cultivars are now available to the Eddy County producers, the added Bacillus thuringiensis genes protect the developing bolls only to a point from caterpillar problems. Alfalfa weevil, three species of aphids, and occasional caterpillars continue to plague the alfalfa crop; cyclic populations of grasshoppers and blister beetles cause occasional crop losses and, in the case of blister beetles, subject growers to legal liabilities and additional economic losses. Several species of aphids plus additional arthropods, diseases and weed pests are annual problems for corn, small grain, nut and fruit crop producers. In the last five years, European corn borer has been detected infesting corn in Eddy County. Pecan nut casebearer has become well established in pecan groves and yard trees throughout Eddy County. Pepper weevils, various caterpillars and whiteflies are major threats to both the fresh and processed chile markets in Eddy County.

Agriculture Newsletter

Words from Woods: Press Releases